Today many people are trying different types of diets to get the ideal weight. Starting from diets recommended by nutritionists, to popular diets that turn out to have risks to the body if used for a long time or if done incorrectly. Call it the keto diet, this controversial diet is used by people who want to get their ideal weight fast. In fact, this diet is used for patients who experience symptoms of epilepsy that are difficult to treat with medication.
Quoted from the Alodokter page, on the keto diet, the consumption of foods containing carbohydrates is reduced and the consumption of foods containing high fat is increased. The goal is for the body to reach ketosis, why is that?
When the body reaches ketosis, fat will be used as the main energy source, besides that fat is also converted into ketones in the liver so that it can be converted into energy intake for the brain with the aim of forcing fat burning quickly so that body weight will fall, whereas under normal conditions, It is carbohydrates that will be converted into energy, not fat.
So, what about the negative effects of using the keto diet for weight loss?
Quoting Lizzie Streit’s writing from the healthline page, here are seven negative effects of using the keto diet for weight loss.
1. Causes the Keto Flu
The keto flu occurs when the daily carbohydrate intake is less than 50 grams, so when the body uses up carbohydrate reserves to be processed into energy, fat will replace the role of these carbohydrates. This will usually cause symptoms of headache, nausea, dizziness, fatigue, constipation, and dehydration.
2. Aggravating the Work of the Kidneys
Animal foods that are high in fat, such as eggs, meat, and cheese, are staples of the keto diet. This diet will increase the risk of kidney stone disease, because the intake of animal foods that are high in fat can cause the blood and urine to become more acidic, resulting in increased excretion of calcium in the urine. In addition, people with chronic kidney disease who use the keto diet are at risk of causing acidosis, thereby exacerbating the condition of the disease.
3. Causes Digestive Problems
Digestive problems that occur in people who are on the keto diet are constipation or constipation, which is caused by the lack of fiber intake in the diet, because the type of food that is prioritized in the keto diet is high in fat.
4. Nutrient Deficiency
The keto diet can also pose a risk of nutritional deficiencies, such as vitamin D, potassium, magnesium, phosphorus, B vitamins, vitamin C, and Vitamin E. This is due to an unbalanced food intake.
5. Causes Hypoglycemia
Although research states that the keto diet can control blood sugar levels in type 2 diabetes patients, in people with type 1 diabetes and non-diabetics it will cause hypoglycemia or low blood sugar which is characterized by fatigue, feeling confused (dazed) to coma and death. if not handled directly.
6. Disrupts Bone Health
The keto diet can reduce bone mineral density and can trigger bone damage because the body is trying to adapt to the ketosis conditions of the keto diet.
7. Increase the risk of chronic disease
Consumption of foods high in animal fat continuously is associated with the onset of chronic diseases such as heart disease. The effect was even stronger because the lack of intake of vitamins, minerals, and antioxidants that protect the heart on the keto diet is so minimal.
Those are 7 negative effects of using the keto diet for weight loss. May be useful.