September 24, 2022

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5 Advantages and Disadvantages of Applying Medical Nutrition Therapy

The concept of food as medicine or Medical Nutrition Therapy refers to the application of a diet with the aim of preventing disease, reducing symptoms, or restoring the body’s condition. Foods that are often used as drugs, are types of foods that have high micronutrient and antioxidant content, and are sometimes often referred to as functional foods, based on a review from the International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health.

For example, a diet high in vegetables, fruit, seeds, and nuts is considered to be able to reduce the risk of chronic diseases such as heart disease, hypertension, and type 2 diabetes. On the other hand, the application of the concept of food as medicine also has various advantages and disadvantages. Based on the results of the summary of MedicalNewsToday.comhere are five advantages and disadvantages of implementing mmedical nutrition therapy.

1. Disease Management

Based on the results of studies from Journal of the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics, explained that the application of Medical Nutrition Therapy or food as medicine is part of a health practice that uses diet and food to support the treatment of disease, and this is a clear demonstration of the role of diet and food in managing chronic disease.

For example, consumption of high fiber in a food can help lower blood sugar levels in people with pre-diabetes or diabetes, reducing the occurrence of nerve and blood vessel damage associated with high blood sugar levels. In addition, improving the quality of this diet can also reduce the symptoms of the disease and improve the quality of life.

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Other studies have shown that using a modified Mediterranean diet can reduce pain, fatigue, and discomfort in people with lipoedema, a condition where abnormal fat accumulation occurs in the lower extremities. Similarly, observational studies have identified that adopting a healthy diet during breast cancer treatment has the potential to reduce symptoms such as nausea, vomiting, and loss of appetite.

2. Reduce Medical Costs

According to data from World Health Organization, that in cardiovascular care, the cost of heart bypass surgery reaches Rp. 150-300 million, while for the installation of a heart ring the cost can reach Rp. 50-100 million. Meanwhile, in the use of Medical Nutrition Therapy to prevent or help overcome chronic diseases, the prices offered are relatively lower.

Moreover, many dietary therapies can be used to reduce the percentage of disease severity or recurrence. So that the diet and Superfood can have an important role in chronic disease.

3. Not as the main choice

Although Medical Nutrition Therapy can play a role in disease management by improving symptoms and slowing the progression of disease, especially chronic diseases, it does not mean it should be the first choice. Drug therapy and other medical measures remain the main choice in terms of treatment. Consult every medical condition that you experience to a doctor to get the right treatment, and visit a Nutritionist to get the right direction regarding the diet therapy you are going to do.

4. Many Hoaxes About Medical Nutrition Therapy

Social media is often associated with Hoax about medical nutrition therapy. Sometimes the information provided does not have a credible source. Therefore, make sure to be more selective in choosing any information related to this.

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5. Drug and Food Interaction

Some types of food have the potential to increase or decrease drug reactions. There is even a type of food that eliminates drug reactions. Make sure you get information about what types of food you can and can’t take with the drug.

Those are the five advantages and disadvantages of applying medical nutrition therapy. May be useful!