MSG or Monosodium Glutamate is one type of food additive that functions in enhancing the taste of Umami. MSG was first introduced by a researcher from Japan in 1908 and is now widely used in almost every cuisine.
MSG is derived from the non-essential amino acid L-glutamate which is obtained from the fermentation of sugar cane, sugar beet, or molasses. Basically some types of food ingredients such as tomatoes and cheese contain natural MSG, but the amount contained is not enough to enhance the taste of the food.
The use of MSG in food is considered safe by Food and Drug Administration at the “appropriate” level of consumption. According to Experimental and Clinical Science, the recommended intake is 1.2 – 1.7 grams per day. For this reason, in this article, we will discuss four types of foods that contain high levels of MSG and their dangers.
Launching from the Healthline.com page, here’s the discussion.
1. Fast Food
Various types of fast food are categorized as foods that contain high levels of MSG, such as fried rice, meatballs, fried chicken, or hamburgers. The high levels of MSG in fast food are allegedly to cover the lack of natural spices found in these foods. In addition, it is also used to attract customers with the umami taste produced from MSG.
2. Packaged Snacks
Various types of packaged snacks such as chips or crackers are also considered to contain high levels of MSG. The use of MSG in packaged foods aims to increase the savory taste which will make fans addicted to continue consuming it. Therefore, make it a habit to read food composition labels to see how much MSG the snack contains.
3. Frozen Food
Frozen food is also one of the foods that contain high levels of MSG. Various examples of fast food, such as nuggets, meatballs, sausages, and dumplings usually have a relatively lower meat content, which will reduce the taste. Therefore, MSG is used to strengthen the taste.
4. Instant Noodles
One of everyone’s favorite foods, it turns out that it also contains high levels of MSG, especially in the seasoning. The more you consume instant noodles, the more MSG you consume
Is MSG Dangerous?
Basically MSG also contains sodium levels like table salt. The difference is that the sodium content in MSG is considered lower than table salt. However, the various types of food above contain both types of sodium sources. That’s what we need to pay attention to.
Consuming more than 3 grams of MSG per day can lead to health risks. Research from International Journal of Food Properties states that consuming MSG at high doses continuously can increase the risk of metabolic syndrome and weight gain.
Other research from Indian Journal of Critical Care Medicine states, for certain individuals who have a sensitivity to MSG may experience side effects such as itching, sore throat, headache, and fatigue after consuming MSG at a certain level according to the individual’s tolerance.
Thus the discussion of four types of foods that contain high levels of MSG and their dangers. May be useful!